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 الأزمنة باللغة الانجليزية

استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي اذهب الى الأسفل 
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نجم فضي


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مُساهمةموضوع: الأزمنة باللغة الانجليزية   السبت 19 فبراير 2011, 4:55 am

[ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذا الرابط]





Tenses

· Simple Past

· Past Perfect

· Past Progressive/ Past Continuous

· Simple Present

· Present Perfect

· Present Progressive / Present Continuous

· Present Perfect Progressive / Present Perfect Continuous

· Will - Future

· Going-to - Future

· Tenses table



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* Simple Past

Use



1) action finished in the past



I visited Berlin last week.



2) series of completed actions in the past



First I got up, then I had breakfast



3) The Simple Past interrupted an action which was in progress in the past.



They were playing cards when the telephone rang.



Signal words



yesterday, last week, a month ago, in 2002





Form



-with regular verbs: infinitive + -ed

-with irregular verbs: e.g ( bore, became, built...)



Examples



Affirmative sentences:





Negative sentences:

You must not negate a full verb in English. Always use the auxiliary did ( Simple Past of to do ) for Negations.





Questions:

Use the auxiliaries did ( Simple Past of to do ).

Did you play football?



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* Past Perfect

Use



1) Together with the Simple Past



The lesson had started when we arriverd.



2) the past equivalent of the Present Perfect



He had played hockey.



Form



had + past participle



Examples



Affirmative sentences:





Negative sentences:





Questions:





Attention





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* Past Progressive / Continuous

Use



1) actions were in progress at special time in the past



Peter was reading a book yesterday evening.



2) two actions were happening at the same time ( the actions do not influence each other )



Anne was writting a letter while Steve was reading the New York TImes.



3) together with the past simple



While we were sitting at the breakfast table, the telephone rang.



4) repeated actions irritating the speaker



Andrew was always coming in late.



Signal words



while,when



Form



to be ( was, were) + infinitive + -ing



Examples



Affirmative sentences:





Negative sentences:





Questions:





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* Simple Present



Use



1) repeated actions

My friend often draws nice posters.



2) thing in general

The sun rises in the East.



3) fixed arrangements, scheduled events

The plane flies to London every Monday.



4) actions in the present - one follows after the other

First I get up, then I have breakfast.



5) instructions

Open your books at page 34.



6) after special verbs

I understand English.



Signal words

Every day, often, always, sometimes, never



Form



infinitive + -s



Examples



Affirmative sentences:





Negative sentences:

You must not negate a full verb in English. always use the auxiliary do for negations:









Questions:



Use the auxiliary do.



Do you play football?

Does he play football?



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* Present Perfect

Use



1) Result of an action in the past is important in the present

I have cleaned my room.



2) Recently completed actions

He has just played handball.



3) Actions beginning in the past and still continuing

We have lived in Canada since 1986.



4) together with lately, recently, yet

I have been to London recently.



Signal words

just, yet, never, already, ever, so far, up to now, recently, since, for



Form



have/has + past participle



Examples



Affirmative sentences:





Negative sentences:





Questions:





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* Present Progressive / Present Continuous

Use



1) Actions beginning in the past and still continuing

I have been waiting for you for three hours.



2) Recently completed actions

She has been watching too many videos.



Signal words

all day, the whole day, since, for



Questions with how long



Form

have/has + been + infinitive + -ing



Examples



Affirmative sentences:





Negative sentences:





Questions:







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* Will - Future

Use



1) Future actions happen without the speaker's intention

The sun will shine tomorrow.



2) Predictions, noumptions

I think Sue will arrive in Paris at 6 am.



3) Spontaneous actions

Hang on! I'll have a word with you.



Form

will + infinitive



Examples



Affirmative sentences:

He will play football.



Negative sentences:

He will not play football.



Questions:

Will he play football?



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* Going-to - Future

Use



1) planned actions in the future

We are going to sing at the party.



2) You are certain that somthing is going to happen in the future

Look at this car! It is going to crash into the yellow one.



Form

to be (am,are,is) + going to + infinitive



Examples



Affirmative sentences:





Negative sentences:





Questions:







[ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذا الرابط]
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
صباح
نجم متميز
نجم متميز


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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: الأزمنة باللغة الانجليزية   الأربعاء 01 يونيو 2011, 8:56 am

So beautiful
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
 
الأزمنة باللغة الانجليزية
استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة 
صفحة 1 من اصل 1

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