منتدى بشير التعليمي
مرحباً بكم هذة الرسالة تخبرك بانك غير مسجل في المنتدى الرجاء التسجيل
وشكراً،،،
Welcom to you this letter telling you that you are not registered in the forum please register
,thank you


يهدف للتعليم من دروس منقولة وغير منقولة . مواضيع حصرية - ردود مميزة - أعضاء مبدعين - كن ضمن النخبة . المدرب / بشير محمد كشيح
 
الرئيسيةالبوابةمكتبة الصورس .و .جبحـثالتسجيلدخول

ماشاءالله


شاطر | 
 

 List of Contractions

استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي اذهب الى الأسفل 
كاتب الموضوعرسالة
قطر الندى
نجم متميز
نجم متميز


البلد : قطر العلم : قطر
عدد المساهمات : 40
نقاط : 6165
السٌّمعَة : 6

مُساهمةموضوع: List of Contractions   الجمعة 13 مايو 2011, 5:58 am



are not = aren’t

cannot = can’t

could not =couldn’t

did not = didn’t

do not = don’t

does not = doesn’t

had not = hadn’t

have not = haven’t

he is = he’s

he has = he’s

he will = he’ll

he would = he’d

he had = he’d

here is = here’s

I am = I’m

I have = I’ve

I will = I’ll

I would = I’d

I had = I’d


is not = isn’t

it is = it’s

it has = it’s

it will = it’ll

must not = mustn’t

she is = she’s

she has = she’s

she will = she’ll

she would = she’d

she had = she’d

should not = shouldn’t

that is = that’s

there is = there’s

they are = they’re

they have = they’ve

they will = they’ll

they would = they’d

they had = they’d

was not = wasn’t


we are = we’re

we have = we’ve

we will = we’ll

we would = we’d

we had = we’d

were not = weren’t

what is = what’s

where is = where’s

who is = who’s

who will = who’ll

*will not = won’t (irregular)

would not = wouldn’t

you are = you’re

you have = you’ve

you will = you’ll

you would = you’d

you had = you’d

الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
قطر الندى
نجم متميز
نجم متميز


البلد : قطر العلم : قطر
عدد المساهمات : 40
نقاط : 6165
السٌّمعَة : 6

مُساهمةموضوع: contraction    الجمعة 13 مايو 2011, 5:59 am

What is a contraction?



A contraction consists of two words that are combined to form one word. Think of a rubber band that expands when you stretch it out and contracts when you let it go. To “contract” means to “make smaller,” and that is what we do when we form contractions: we take two longer words and contract them into one shorter word.
Why do we use contractions?



Contractions are informal “shortcuts” that we take in our everyday speech. Instead of saying, “Do not tease the dog,” we shorten it to, “Don’t tease the dog.” We often want our writing to reflect our way of speaking, so we use contractions.
Contractions can be used in informal writing or letters, but never in formal writing.
How do we write contractions?



In order to form a contraction, the letter or letters that are removed from the word must be replaced by an apostrophe. For example, to turn the words he is into a contraction, we must remove the i and replace it with an apostrophe to form he’s.
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
بشير محمد كشيح
صاحب الموقع
صاحب الموقع


البلد : اليمن العلم : اليمن
عدد المساهمات : 471
نقاط : 2147491873
السٌّمعَة : 34
العمر : 30

بطاقة الشخصية
مبدعين ومتميزين:
100/100  (100/100)

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: List of Contractions   الثلاثاء 17 مايو 2011, 1:50 am

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

This article is about contraction in the grammar of modern languages, which involves elision. For contraction in Ancient Greek, the coalescence of two vowels into one, see crasis. For the linguistic function of pronouncing vowels together, see Synaeresis.





"I am" contracted to "I’m"

A contraction is the shortening of a word, syllable, or word group by omission of internal letters.[1] In traditional grammar, contraction can denote the formation of a new word from one word or a group of words, for example, by elision. This often occurs in rendering a common sequence of words or, as in French, in maintaining a flowing sound.

In strict analysis, contractions should not be confused with abbreviations or acronyms (including initialisms), with which they share some semantic and phonetic functions, though all three are connoted by the term "abbreviation" in loose parlance.[1]

An informal type of contraction occurs frequently in speech and writing, in which a syllable is substituted by an apostrophe and/or other mode of elision, e.g., can't for "cannot", won't for "will not". Such contractions are often either negations with not or combinations of pronouns with auxiliary verbs, e.g., I'll for "I will". At least one study has sought to analyze the category of negative informal contractions as the attachment of an inflectional suffix.

Full form

Contracted

Notes

not

–n't


let us

let's


am

–'m


are

–'re


is

–'s


does

very informal

has

American English only contracts forms of have when used as auxiliaries

have

–'ve

had

–'d

did


would


will

–'ll


of

o'–

used mostly in o'clock

it

't–

Archaic, except in uses such as 't's (that is); "'t's what I said!"

you

–ya, –ja, –cha

Very informal in writing


–'em

Contracted from hem, but used for modern them


Informal speech sometimes allows multiple contracted forms to pile up, producing constructions like wouldn't've for "would not have". Another stereotypically informal contraction is ain't, for "am not" or "is not".

A commonly used English contraction of two words that does not fall into either of the above categories is let's, a contraction of "let us" that is used in forming the imperative mood in the first-person plural (e.g., "Let's go [somewhere]"). Use of the uncontracted "let us" typically carries an entirely different meaning, e.g., "Let us go [free]". "Let us" is rarely seen in the former sense and "let's" is never seen in the latter one.

Informal contractions are, by their nature, more frequent in speech than writing, e.g., John'd fix your television if you asked him. Contractions in English are generally not mandatory as in some other languages. It is almost always acceptable to write out (or say) all of the words of a contraction, though native speakers of English may judge a person not using contractions as sounding overly formal. Let's, as mentioned above, is an exception to this rule. Another exception is the use of contractions with not in questions:

Don't you like it?

*Do not you like it?

[

_________________
[ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذه الصورة] 

 بشير محمد كشيح 
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
http://wwww.forum777.com
 
List of Contractions
استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة 
صفحة 1 من اصل 1
 مواضيع مماثلة
-
» latest ignore.list!!

صلاحيات هذا المنتدى:لاتستطيع الرد على المواضيع في هذا المنتدى
منتدى بشير التعليمي :: Basheer Mohammed Kosheih's Forums :: English Language Forum-
انتقل الى: